Ribosomes translate genetic information into polypeptides in several basic steps: initiation, elongation, termination and recycling. When ribosomes are arrested during elongation or termination, the cell's capacity for protein synthesis is reduced. There are numerous quality control systems in place to distinguish between paused ribosomes that need some extra input to proceed and terminally stalled ribosomes that need to be rescued. Here, we discuss similarities and differences in the systems for resolution of pauses and rescue of arrested ribosomes in bacteria and eukaryotes, and how ribosome profiling has transformed our ability to decipher these molecular events.
This article is part of the themed issue ‘Perspectives on the ribosome’.
One contribution of 11 to a theme issue ‘Perspectives on the ribosome’.
- Accepted November 16, 2016.
- © 2017 The Author(s)
Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.